General

National Language of India

Every school in India teaches the National Symbols like National Flag, Bird, Flower, Tree, Anthem Emblem, Animal, Song, Fruit,Calendar. Along with this, they also teach National Language of India as Hindi.
Most teachers would teach their students that “Hindi” as the National Language of India which is totally *incorrect* as per the Constitution of India

As per Languages of India Wiki,

India does not have the concept of a single “national language”. The Indian Constitution does not recognize Hindi as the national language of India. Instead, “official languages” are recognized for individual states. Article 343 of the Indian Constitution recognises Hindi in Devanāgarī script as the official language of the Union Government

India as a country is better known for its Unity in Diversity with its vast cultures and languages. Also according to 2001 Indian Census,nearly 41% speak Hindi and rest 60% is contributed by other languages. Classical Languages of India are Tamil and Sanskrit

20 thoughts on “National Language of India

  1. Hi Bala,

    > Most teachers would teach their students that “Hindi” as the National Language of
    > India which is totally *incorrect* as per the Constitution of India

    How can you say it is *incorrect* ?? Hindi is the national language which the whole world knows it to be.. Wikipedia is nowadays becoming a depot of plagiarism.. full of false information..

    Please check the below one:
    http://india.gov.in/knowindia/official_language.php

    Its lawfully written in constitution that Hindi is the official language and no one can reject that..

    “Classical Languages of India are Tamil and Sanskrit” – I didn’t get any references for this..🙂

    Basically, India had two divisions and varied cultures, kings, languages in the past.. So, We can never tell anything specific like National animal, National Plant etc..

    So, Indian constitution has devised this only based on Majority.. As Hindi is mostly spoken, Its our national language and no conflict with that..🙂

    “I am be Proud to be Indian.. Than to be a Tamilian”.. R u ??

    “Vanthe Mathuram.. ”🙂

  2. Why not rule out National animal, National plant..etc.. also ??🙂

    Because National animal is Tiger.. and we cannot find it everywhere..

    National bird is peacock… it cannot be found in rajasthan.. rule out that..🙂

    National flower is lotus.. i have not seen it for a long time around my area.. rule out.. rule out..😉

  3. Hi Vprajan,
    You are getting confused between the terms “National language” and “Official language” for india.

    There is nothing called National language mentioned in the constitution of india. All the 22 languages recognised by our constitution are our “National languages” (obviously there wont be any anti-national language😉 ) . And these 22 languages serve as official languages for different states.

    Now the question and debate is for what should be the official language for India. Currently its “ENGLISH”. Yes English is the undisputed official language for whole of india now.
    However constituion says over the period time Hindi can replace English as official language of India. When govt tried to implement this in 1960’s, it was opposed by lot of states especially Tamil Nadu.
    And govt dropped the plan.

    So as of now, We have dual official languages🙂 . English and Hindi.

    Enghlish is mostly used now and Hindi can also be used in official communications involving all states except Tamil Nadu – Yes tamil nadu was given exception in the constitution. Any central govt communication involving tamil nadu should be in English🙂

    I think I have confused you guys.. but thats the current official language status😉

  4. hi vprajan,

    i go with what mugunth said. i am not an guy who *hates* Hindi. i too love to learn it just like how i would like to learn Telugu, Malayalam, Kannada and other languages in our country.

    If you check the Indian government website, they state that Hindi and English can be used as a communication language in the constitution and between the central and state and this is the law “section 8(1) of the Official Languages Act, 1963”

    also please check the national symbols url where they have not specified any languages http://india.gov.in/knowindia/national_symbols.php. my view is that teachers teach the students *incorrectly* about this.

    another thing is that, it doesn’t mean that when a language is widely spoken becomes national language of that country. each of the language in our country has its specialty.

    classical languages means “செம்மொழி”. சமஸ்கிரதம் மற்றும் தமிழ் ஆகிய இரண்டு மொழிகளும் நமது இந்தியவின் மூத்த மொழியாகும்.

    i am proud to be Indian but not at the cost of leaving my mother tongue being ignored. I am proud to be Indian if India gives equal respect and position to the languages that are in India.

  5. @vprajan,
    I find it extremely curious when you say this

    >> “I am be Proud to be Indian.. Than to be a Tamilian”.. R u ??
    >> “Vanthe Mathuram.. ”

    It becomes almost a natural response when someone speaks for tamil anywhere. Lets not get into judging others patriotism. India is a democracy. Democracy in itself means freedom to dissent. What if constitution has stated hindi as official language? (btw, the links given by mugunth clearly shows that it is no true). dont you have the right to have a difference of opinion against the ideas expressed in constitution?

    I dont think you can equate, love for country to love for a language or vice versa.🙂

  6. “Most teachers would teach their students that “Hindi” as the National Language of India which is totally *incorrect* ”

    This is just ridiculous, I have no clue why do people deny to accept Hindi as our national language? because of dirty politicians? These days people show diversity in terms of language and madly follow politicians. Your statics might be right but beside the regional language most of the people in any state speak Hindi.

    I have no clue why you have put this in your blog, planning to join any political party?🙂 these days trend is to show anti-hindi or anti to part of people is easiest way to get popular.

  7. “i am proud to be Indian but not at the cost of leaving my mother tongue being ignored.”

    Now i have to say WTF? who ignored your regional language? speak, blog, write where ever you want. Did someone stop you?

  8. @munichlinux,

    //This is just ridiculous, I have no clue why do people deny to accept Hindi as our national language? because of dirty politicians? These days people show diversity in terms of language and madly follow politicians.//

    i am not a politician. i have no intention to join any party. i am not against Hindi language. when there are 22 official languages, why should 1 language represent a billion people?

    //Your statics might be right but beside the regional language most of the people in any state speak Hindi.//
    stats are given by government. 60% of people of India does not speak hindi which mean major dont speak hindi. they speak in regional languages like tamil, malayalam, telugu, kannada, marathi, gujarathi, punjabi, oriya, bengali, and many more such languages. India is famous for “Unity in Diversity”. when all these languages are there, why do you want one language to be representing the nation? every language should be given equal respect across the country.

    //I have no clue why you have put this in your blog, planning to join any political party?🙂 these days trend is to show anti-hindi or anti to part of people is easiest way to get popular.//
    reason to write this post is that every one has a wrong thinking/information about this. dont you have the right to correct people who know incorrect information about your country?
    there are lots of ways to get popular. to get popular in a easy way is anti-hindi i know. to be frank, i am not raj thackarey.. i am yet another simple Indian

    //Now i have to say WTF? who ignored your regional language? speak, blog, write where ever you want. Did someone stop you?//
    None stopped me. but people have incorrect information. i wanted to correct them. so i wrote this post.

  9. @mugunth, mbchandar

    sorry for confusing between national and official language.. But the point i mean here why to unnecessary rise this when english is already into us… I have also read about all the fight against the central govt rule which strictly imposed hindi. And the fight against strict hindi is exactly correct and am not opposing that in any way.. But what is there in calling some language a national language which is majority ?? Just drop out *National language* word.. Throw away that.. What is there in telling a language is spoken in majority ??? Might be, it is wrong if people assumes that all over india everyone speaks one language..🙂

    If some one is forcing you to learn some language, then am also ready to join hands.. I guess you people get my point here..

    I read in another blog which had comparison with language and religion here: http://aravinthan.wordpress.com/2008/04/23/hindi-is-not-the-national-language-of-india/

    which makes assumptions like language ~= religion equations..🙂 Very dangerous equation..🙂

    @rkarthick, mbchandar

    correct.. there is no patriotism involved here..🙂 I get back all those “Vande mathuram, Proud to be indian”.. sorry for that, if it had hurted anyone.

    Mugunth’s link really explained me that constitution has already given language independence so that state can adopt any language as official language.. Really good..

    And am not coming into love for language, love for country talks…🙂.. because you are correct that its no way related here.. But what am trying to tell here is.. there will be no agitations within people by calling national animal or national flower of india.. But only when someone calls a language as national language, there comes a controversy.. Basically What i still now thought like *national language* is for foreigners visiting India to know what language to learn and to roam around..

    I just quit from this from here.. Please ruleout national language philosophy and correct people who assume it wrongly.. And i will also correct people who think national language as a single language..

    I am doing this because of freedom of language within the country which is a must..

  10. @karthick,

    //I dont think you can equate, love for country to love for a language or vice versa. //
    i agree with you. my love for the country doesn’t decide based on language or any other thing.

  11. //But what am trying to tell here is.. there will be no agitations within people by calling national animal or national flower of india.. But only when someone calls a language as national language, there comes a controversy..//

    The national animal and flower don’t determine your degree of indianness. But people who uphold and propogate hindi as the national language definitely consider you a secondary Indian if you don’t know it and deem it as your first duty to learn it and prove your indianness.

    I still remember my NCC trainer asking me “Are you not ashamed for not knowing the raashtra baasha hindi?”. This attitude is the problem. Why should I be ashamed for not knowing a foreign language falsely propagated as the national language?

    At that time, I didn’t know HIndi was not national language and felt really shameful. Even today, many non-hindi speakers don’t know this simple fact and face shame, guilt, inferiority complex for no fault of theirs. Balu’s post will help eradicate such misconceptions.
    **

    See also – இந்தி மொழிக் கல்வி

  12. I completely agree with the above comment. I came to know about National language fact in July this year and till then, i have had innumerable arguments with so many of my friends on this language issue…

    Infact, many non-tamilians consider that all tamilians hate Hindi as a language. What nobody tries to understand is that the coercion and arrogance with which some people emphasize it is the real rootcause!

    note: i thought i am the only one who was so excited to know this fact…but looks like quite a few people have made this pleasant discovery from the constitution. And invariably, everybody is tamilian!! Is it something to ponder over really?

    and one more interesting observation from “India” entry in wikipedia. There is an Indian National Calendar and it is “Saka”. I am not sure whether it’s mentioned in Indian Constitution. But, i am wondering whether it’s right to have that!

  13. Guess I am a few months late here… I am not going to argue for or against this topic.

    Here is the site for the constitution of india.. please read the pages 212 to 217, for information about the Langauge of the Country.

    http://lawmin.nic.in/coi/coiason29july08.pdf

    As for Patriotism… I do think if each of us live our everyday life keeping in mind that what we do affects the way our Country is and becomes and hence make an effort at being Ethical in our dealings, regardless of the languages we call Mother tongue or the Religion we follow, thats patriotic.

  14. Oh I forgot to mention one more thing… If we are really patriotic, we would rather try to see how we can work with what we have with an understanding that each has an opinion for how life has to be but this is how life IS. We would work towards building harmony inspite of our differences in thinking instead of using our words and actions to divide ourselves into an us vs. them situation. Just my opinion. Sorry if it offends anyone.

  15. i have just read somewhere that hindi is not only our national languae as per our constitution based on …..there are two national languages …hindi and english………….is that true??????????

  16. its really very confusing fr me
    i searched abt national language of India on google through which i came across this blog as acc. to our teacher Hindi is nt d national language
    well i cant decide whether she is wrong or right
    she gave examples of ppl fr nt excepting it in some states
    well my question to those particular states is dat dat y they hv no problem in learning a “foreign language” i.e. English instead y cant they learn a language of our own country which is Hindi ??

    1. India comprises of 26 states and diversified by various people talking various languages. how can you say hindi as a language of our own country? let me ask you similar question: India has the majority of Hindus. can you call India as Hindu country? what about the feelings and emotions of people belonging to other religions?

      I am interested in learning english or hindi which is left to me. no one can force. the states out there who hate hindi says that dont force us to learn. we will learn them if needed.

      just a simple thought.

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